Tribulus Terrestris

GENERAL INFO

Tribulus terrestris is a natural herb used for treating many diseases including hypertension. [1]
Tribulus is Latin for "three-pointed, a caltrop," the shape of which is suggested by the three-pronged tribulus fruit, and referring to the caltrop, a military weapon, an iron ball with projecting spikes Tribulus terrestris is a serious weed in pastures, roadsides, waste places, and cultivated fields. [1]
Tribulus Terrestris is a natrual herb used for its medicinal effects around the world. [4]
Buy Tribulus Terrestris, formulated by world renowned Dr. Ray Sahelian, M.D., author of Natural Sex Boosters Passion Rx, one of the bestselling natural sexual products on the market, is formulated by Dr. Sahelian Tribulus terrestris is a tropical vine common in sandy soil throughout India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. [5]
Tribulus terrestris is a flowering plant in the family Zygophyllaceae, native to warm temperate and tropical regions of the Old World in southern Europe, southern Asia, throughout Africa, and in northern Australia. It can thrive even in desert climates and poor soil. Like many weedy species, this plant has many common names. [6]
Tribulus Terrestris is a vine plant that grows in moderate and tropical climates in the United States, Mexico, Eastern Europe, India and China. [7]
More emails Q. Is Bulgarian tribulus extract a more effective aphrodisiac herb than tribulus herb grown in other countries? A. Tribulus terrestris is a plant that grows on several continents. [5]
Tribulus terrestris is a tropical vine common in sandy soil throughout Europe, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. This tribulus terrestris product contains over 40% furostanol saponins, some of the active components. Tribulus terrestris extract supplement can be used by both men and women. [8]
Tribulus terrestris, also called "puncture vine" is a plant long used around the world for the treatment of various ailments. [1]
Tribulus terrestris (also known as puncture vine), a member of the Zygophyllaceae family, is an annual herb found in many tropical and moderate areas of the world, including the U.S. and Mexico, the Mediterranean region, and throughout Asia. [2]
Tribulus Terrestris, also known as Puncture Vine, Tribulus Terrestris contains steroidal saponins, and act as a natural testosterone enhancer. [3]
More Details about the tribulus terrestris plant Tribulus terrestris, also known as Puncturevine, is a prostrate annual herb that grows from a simple taproot. [1]
Gauthaman K, Ganesan AP. Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, 5 Lower Kent Ridge Road, 119074 Singapore. Hormonal effects of tribulus terrestris were evaluated in primates, rabbit and rat to identify its usefulness in the management of erectile dysfunction). [1]
In China, tribulus terrestris is used in a number of conditions affecting the liver and kidney as well as the cardiovascular and immune systems. [1]

KEY TOPICS

Section Contents:

* "Sexual effects of puncturevine ( Tribulus terrestris ) extract (protodioscin): an evaluation using a rat model".(More…)

* Tribulus terrestris L. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.(More…)

"Sexual effects of puncturevine ( Tribulus terrestris ) extract (protodioscin): an evaluation using a rat model". [6] "The aphrodisiac herb Tribulus terrestris does not influence the androgen production in young men". [6]

J Ethnopharmacol. 2005 Jan 4;96(1-2):127-32. Tribulus terrestris L. (Zygophyllaceae) have been used as an aphrodisiac both in the Indian and Chinese traditional systems of medicine. Administration of Tribulus terrestris extract increased sexual behaviour and intracavernous pressure both in normal and castrated rats and these effects were probably due to the androgen increasing property of tribulus. [1] Tribulus terrestris, athletic performance, and testosterone effect Does tribulus terrestris have an influence on testosterone release or enhance testosterone production? One study in rodents indicates that tribulus has an influence on androgen receptors located on brain cells in the hypothalamus. Another animal study found tribulus terrestris use did increase testosterone levels. [1] The objective of the present study is to evaluate the effect of tribulus on nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-diaphorase (NADPH-d) activity and androgen receptor (AR) immunoreactivity in rat brain. There was an increase in both NADPH-d and androgen receptor immunoreactivity in tribulus terrestris treated group and these results were statistically significant compared to the control. [1] Chronic treatment of tribulus terrestris in rats increases the NADPH-d positive neurons and AR immunoreactivity in the PVN region. Androgens are known to increase both AR and NADPH-d positive neurons either directly or by its conversion to oestrogen. The mechanism for the observed increase in AR and NADPH-d positive neurons in the present study is probably due to the androgen increasing property of tribulus terrestris. [1]

Tribulus terrestris herb is now sold as a standardized pharmaceutical preparation for muscle strength and sexual potency throughout Europe, the Middle East, and Asia. Forms Available Tribulus Fruit extract 20% saponins, 40% Tribulus Saponins Also available are Tribulus 20% Protodioscin and Tribulus 40% Protodioscin Various misspellings of tribulus terrestris include terrestis, tribulous, terrestrus, terristrus, tribulas This tribulus terrestris page was last updated in January 2008. [1] Tribulus Terrestris emails Q. With regard to the ingredients in Passion Rx, doesn't raising testosterone levels in males, specifically tribulus terrestris, increase prostate cancer risk? A. Very few studies have been done to determine the long term influence of tribulus terrestris supplement use in terms of testosterone production or release. [1]

The preventive and therapeutic effects of saponin from Tribulus terrestris on diet-induced hyperlipidemia in mice have been studied. It showed that in preventive experiment the tribulus terrestris saponin could significantly low the levels of serum total cholesterol and triglyceride. [1] To investigate the effect of saponins from Tribulus terrestris on the renal carcinoma cell in vitro, and inhibitory mechanisms. [1] To investigate the inhibitory and apoptosis-inducing effects of saponins from Tribulus terrestris on liver cancer cell line BEL-7402. Saponins from tribulus terrestris exert its cytotoxic effect on BEL-7402 cells by inducing apoptosis. [1] Investigation on inhibitory and apoptosis-inducing effects of saponins from Tribulus terrestris on hepatoma cell line BEL-7402 Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2004 Jul;29(7):681-4. [1] The inhibitory effect of saponins from Tribulus terrestris on Bcap-37 breast cancer cell line in vitro Zhong Yao Cai. 2003 Feb;26(2):104-6. [1] The results showed that saponins from tribulus terrestris had potent inhibitory effect on Bcap-37 cell line in a concentration-dependent manner. [1] The inhibitory effect of saponins from Tribulus terrestris on Bcap37 breast cancer cell line were determined by cell growth curve, MTT assay, protein content assay and morphological observation. [1] Hypoglycemic effect of saponin from Tribulus terrestris Zhong Yao Cai. 2002 Jun;25(6):420-2. [1] Effect of saponin from Tribulus terrestris on hyperlipidemia Zhong Yao Cai. 2003 May;26(5):341-4. [1]

The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of tribulus terrestris on strength, fat free mass, and the urinary testosterone / epitestosterone ratio during 5 weeks of preseason training in elite rugby league players. [1] The effects of Tribulus terrestris on body composition and exercise performance in resistance-trained males. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2000 Jun;10(2):208-15. xtract The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of the herbal preparation Tribulus terrestris (tribulus) on body composition and exercise performance in resistance-trained males. [1] The effect of five weeks of Tribulus terrestris supplementation on muscle strength and body composition during preseason training in elite rugby league players. [1] The hormonal effects of Tribulus terrestris and its role in the management of male erectile dysfunction - an evaluation using primates, rabbit and rat. [1] Gauthaman K, Ganesan AP. Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, 5 Lower Kent Ridge Road, 119074 Singapore. Hormonal effects of tribulus terrestris were evaluated in primates, rabbit and rat to identify its usefulness in the management of erectile dysfunction). [1] Two new steroid saponins, named terrestrinins A and B, along with six known compounds were isolated from the Chinese medicine herb Tribulus terrestris. [1] Tribulus terrestris has long been used in the traditional Chinese and Indian systems of medicine for the treatment of various ailments and is popularly claimed to improve sexual functions in man. Sexual behavior and intracavernous pressure (ICP) were studied in both normal and castrated rats to further understand the role of Tribulus terrestris containing protodioscin (PTN) as an aphrodisiac. [1] Tribulus Terrestris and sexual behavior Animal studies have found tribulus terrestris to be helpful as a sex booster. Sexual behavior and intracavernous pressure (ICP) were studied in both normal and castrated rats to further understand the role of tribulus as an aphrodisiac. [1] Aphrodisiac properties of Tribulus Terrestris extract (Protodioscin) in normal and castrated rats. [1] Rabbits and normal rats were treated with 2.5, 5 and 10mg/kg of tribulus terrestris extract orally for 8 weeks, for chronic study. [1] Adult Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into five groups of 8 each that included distilled water treated (normal and castrated), testosterone treated (normal and castrated, 10 mg/kg body weight, subcutaneously, bi-weekly) and Tribulus terrestris treated (castrated, 5 mg/kg body weight, orally once daily). [1] The level of serum glucose could be significantly reduced by saponin from Tribulus terrestris, which was the rate of 26% and 40% in normal mice and diabetic mice in respectively. [1] Once study in laboratory cells found saponins from tribulus terrestris inhibited the growth of a certain type of liver cancer cell line. [1] Tribulus Terrestris Research update Experimental study of saponins from Tribulus terrestris on renal carcinoma cell line Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2005 Aug;30(16):1271-4. [1]

A human study done in Australia in 2007 did not find tribulus terrestris to have a major influence on muscle mass growth, nor did tribulus seem to influence blood testosterone levels in humans to any great extent. [1] Animal and human studies have shown conflicting results in regards to the influence of tribulus terrestris supplements and testosterone levels. [1]

Availability of tribulus terrestris supplements Tribulus is most often found in combination with other sex-enhancing herbs in various libido products. [1] Tribulus terrestris is a natural herb used for treating many diseases including hypertension. [1] Q. Can tribulus terrestris be taken regularly for many months? A. As with most herbs, I recommend taking breaks from use. [1] Q. Is tribulus terrestris a legal supplement to use by professional football players? A. As far as we know, tribulus terrestris herb is legal to use in all professional sports. [1]

As with most herbs, it is best to take breaks from use in order to minimize potential long term tribulus side effects. When sheep consume tribulus terrestris as 80% of their diet, liver damage and other changes occur. [1] Tribulus side effects No significant tribulus side effects have yet been reported in the medical literature regarding the human use of tribulus terrestris. [1]

In Turkey, tribulus terrestris is commonly used in folk medicine for blood pressure and cholesterol. In Europe, tribulus has been used in folk medicine throughout history, as far back as the Greeks, for wide-ranging conditions as headache, nervous disorders, constipation, and sexual dysfunction. [1] The role of tribulus terrestris in eastern European folk medicine for muscle strength and sexual potency led to two decades of formal (though secret) government-sponsored studies. A noted outcome of this research was the success of the Bulgarian weight lifting team which stunned the world in Olympic competition. [1]

More Details about the tribulus terrestris plant Tribulus terrestris, also known as Puncturevine, is a prostrate annual herb that grows from a simple taproot. [1] Tribulus terrestris, also called "puncture vine" is a plant long used around the world for the treatment of various ailments. [1] What's in tribulus terrestris herb? The fruits of tribulus contain a number of different substances including saponins ( protodioscin, furostanol), glycosides, flavonoids, alkaloids, resins, tannins, sugars, sterols, and essential oil. [1] Recently, two new saponins have been isolated from tribulus terrestris: Terrestrinins A and B,. A frequently mentioned substance in tribulus terrestris is protodioscin, which some claim is one of the active substances within this plant. [1] Saponins from tribulus terrestris can significantly inhibit the growth of renal carcinoma cell in vitro, partially, by apoptosis. [1] The phytochemical investigation of the aerial parts of Tribulus terrestris of Bulgarian origin has resulted in the isolation of the novel furostanol saponin 1, named tribol, together with the known spirostanol saponins 2 and 3 and sitosterol glucoside. [1] The results showed that tribulus terrestris was very effective against several pathogenic candidal species and Cryptococcus neoformans in vitro. It is noteworthy that tribulus terrestris saponins were very active against Candida albicans and Cryptococcus neoformans. [1] In castrated rats, increases in testosterone levels by 51% and 25% were observed with testosterone and tribulus terrestris extract respectively that were statistically significant. [1] Castrated rats were treated either with testosterone cypionate or tribulus terrestris orally (5mg/kg daily for 8 weeks). [1] A tribulus terrestris extract (450 mg each day)) or placebo capsule was consumed once daily for 5 weeks. After 5 weeks of training, strength and fat free mass increased significantly without any difference between those who took placebo or those taking tribulus terrestris extract. [1] Tribulus terrestris extract was administered intravenously, as a bolus dose of 7.5, 15 and 30mg/kg, in primates for acute study. [1] The findings from the present study add further support to the aphrodisiac claims of tribulus terrestris. [1] Q. How long after I start taking tribulus terrestris supplementss should I expect results? A. Everyone is different, but on average most people would notice the benefits from tribulus on the third or fourth day of use. It also depends on dosage. [1] Q. If a tribulus terrestris supplement is topped after using for it one month, is there any type of side effect? A. We are not aware of any side effects or problems if a tribulus supplement is stopped after one month of us. [1] In my personal experience, and feedback from patients, I have noticed and heard the following tribulus terrestris side effects: more energy, feeling warmer, slightly faster heart beat, restlessness. These tribulus terrestris side effects are dose dependent. I personally do not notice the tribulus side effects on dosages less than 300 mg, but these side effects are more common above 500 mg. [1] Antifungal activities and action mechanisms of compounds from Tribulus terrestris L. J Ethnopharmacol. 2005 Sep 14; Antifungal activity of natural products is being studied widely. [1] The ACE activity in all tissues of tribulus fed hypertensive rats was significantly lower than that of hypertensive rats, which was more pronounced in kidney. These results indicated that there is a negative correlation between consumption of tribulus terrestris and ACE activity in serum and different tissues in 2K1C rats. [1] Tribulus terrestris has significant in vitro and in vivo antifungal activity, weakening the virulence of Candida albicans and killing fungi through destroying the cell membrane. [1] Phase contrast microscopy showed that tribulus terrestris inhibited hyphal formation, an important virulence factor of Candida albicans, and transmission electron microscopy showed that tribulus terrestris destroyed the cell membrane of Candida albicans. [1] Bcap-37 cell exhibited morphological alteration, namely, cells got round and shrunk, nuclei contracted after treating with tribulus terrestris. [1] The role of tribulus terrestris herb on testosterone production or release needs to be evaluated further before any statements can be made with confidence. [1] Where is tribulus herb found? Tribulus terrestris herb grows naturally in many parts of the world including the Americas, Australia, Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. [1] Tribulus Terrestris benefit - heart and immune support along with anti cancer benefit Tribulus terrestris has been studied in China and found to reduce the frequency of angina pectoris. [1] Tribulus Terrestris is found throughout the United States, except along the northern tier from Montana to New England. It is also found in Asia, South Africa, the Mediterranean region, South America, and Australia. [1] Tribulus terrestris was introduced into the United States with livestock imported from the Mediterranean region. It has become widespread since then. Tribulus History It is believed that in ancient Greece and India that tribulus terrestris was used as a rejuvenation tonic. [1] In China, tribulus terrestris is used in a number of conditions affecting the liver and kidney as well as the cardiovascular and immune systems. [1] Muscle endurance increased for the bench and leg press exercises in the placebo group, while the tribulus terrestris group experienced an increase in leg press strength only. [1] Tribulus terrestris mechanism of action T ribulus terrestris may work by relaxing smooth muscles and increasing blood flow into the corpus cavernosa. [1] Tribulus terrestris may also lower blood levels of cholesterol, and, in addition, tribulus may have antioxidant properties. [1] Q. How many different types of tribulus extracts are available? A. The ones I have seen are the following: Tribulus terrestris powder, tribulus terrestris 10% extract, tribulus terrestris 20% extract, tribulus terrestris 40% extract. [1] The development of a formula for tribulus terrestris, along with the rise of a market economy in eastern Europe, has rapidly expanded the use of tribulus over the last decade. [1] In China and India, tribulus terrestris has been touted for use in liver, kidney, urinary, and cardiovascular remedies. [1] In the case of tribulus terrestris herb, you could take it for 1 or 2 weeks on, tehn 1 or 2 weeks off. [1] In my personal and professional experience, tribulus terrestris does seem to have a positive influence on sexual enhancement. [1] In vivo activity of tribulus terrestris in a Candida albicans vaginal infection model was studied in particular. [1] Tribulus terrestris is also sold by itself often in a dosage ranging from 250 to 750 mg. [1] Twenty-two Australian elite male rugby league players were match-paired and randomly assigned in a double-blind manner to either a tribulus terrestris or placebo group. [1]

No significant adverse effects have been reported from supplementation with Tribulus terrestris. [6] Tribulus terrestris is a flowering plant in the family Zygophyllaceae, native to warm temperate and tropical regions of the Old World in southern Europe, southern Asia, throughout Africa, and in northern Australia. It can thrive even in desert climates and poor soil. Like many weedy species, this plant has many common names. [6]

"Aphrodisiac properties of Tribulus Terrestris extract (Protodioscin) in normal and castrated rats". [9] Aphrodisiac and Libido Enhancer : Tribulus terrestris L. (Zygophyllaceae) have been used as an aphrodisiac agent in both; the Indian and Chinese traditional systems of medicine. Administration of Tribulus terrestris extract showed increased sexual behavior and intracavernous pressure both in normal and castrated mice and these effects were probably due to the androgen increasing property of the herb. [10] The findings from the present study add further support to the aphrodisiac claims of the herb. (Effect of Tribulus terrestris on nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-diaphorase activity and androgen receptors in rat brain in J. Ethnopharmacol. 2005 Jan 4; 96(1-2):127-32.) [10]

The fruit of Tribulus terrestris has been widely used in the Ayurvedic system of medicine for the treatment of many urinary disorders including urolithiasis. In order to evaluate the therapeutic claims described about this plant in traditional medicine, the ethanol extract of Tribulus fruit was tested for its action against artificially induced urolithiasis in albino rats. [10] Renal Carcinoma : To investigate the effect of saponins from Tribulus terrestris on the renal carcinoma cell (786-0) in vitro, and inhibitory mechanisms. [10]

There's always controversy and contradicting advice on the effectiveness of tribulus terrestris. Obviously, the marketing materials you read from supplement makers will tout the effects and benefits of tribulus like it's a miracle herb; and then on the other hand, talking with other like-minded fitness individuals, and just simply browsing bodybuilding chat forums, you'll find a wide range of opinions on the subject, and I'm no exception. [4] Tribulus Terrestris is a natrual herb used for its medicinal effects around the world. [4] The effects of Tribulus terrestris on body composition and exercise performance in resistance-trained males.Antonio J, Uelmen J, Rodriguez R, Earnest C. Human Performance Laboratory, University of Nebraska, Kearney, NE 68849-3101, USA. If you found this article informative and helpful please forward it to someone you know who can benefit from this information. [4] We all know testosterone helps build muscle and strength, that's why some pro athletes use steroids and other prohormones to enhance performance. You'll be happy to hear that Tribulus Terrestris is NOT a hormone! It works completely different from Andro and DHEA. Tribulus increases testosterone through increasing lutenizing hormone (LH) in your body. [4]

If you've read our other Tribulus Terrestris article Tribulus Terrestris article, you'll know that Tribulus is not a hormone, but rather, it boosts your testosterone by increasin the level of luteinizing hormones (LH) in your system. LH stimulates the secretion of sex steroids from the gonads for both males and females. [11] A very nice all natural stack is using a Tribulus Terrestris with a ZMA supplement. I've used this stack many cycles with nice results, and no side effects - other than some increased acne. [11] Tribulus Terrestris is not a hormone, and does not directly affect the hormones in your body. By this, Tribulus works within your body's natural limits helping you maximize your muscle and strength gains. [11] There are varieties of Tribulus Terrestris available. Because Tribulus Terrestris is such a neutral and beneficial supplement, it's often stacked with other supplements - mostly prohormones to maximize results. [11]

Tribulus is Latin for "three-pointed, a caltrop," the shape of which is suggested by the three-pronged tribulus fruit, and referring to the caltrop, a military weapon, an iron ball with projecting spikes Tribulus terrestris is a serious weed in pastures, roadsides, waste places, and cultivated fields. [1] The sheep in the experimental group were fed 80% Tribulus terrestris and 20% alfalfa hay and wheat straw, while the control sheep were given a mixture of 40% alfalfa hay and 60% wheat straw. [1] The tribulus terrestris fruit is a woody burr with sharp, rigid spines (strong enough to puncture bicycle tires or penetrate shoe soles). [1] The foliage of tribulus terrestris is toxic to livestock, especially sheep, when consumed in large quantities. [1] At necropsy of the animals consuming tribulus terrestris, there were various degrees of generalized icterus and the livers were swollen and discolored by bile pigment. [1] Experimental Tribulus terrestris poisoning in sheep: clinical, laboratory and pathological findings. [1] My concern is that I may be lowering my natural testosterone levels and could be affecting my sexual performance for the future. Its difficult when your significant other becomes used to one way, and without the pills you cannot perform. Is there a psychological issue perhaps? A. It is a good idea to take more frequent breaks from the use of tribulus terrestris supplements or other sexual herbs. [5] As with most herbs, it is best to take breaks from use. According to Dr. Ray Sahelian, M.D., an expert in sexual herbs, and the author of Natural Sex Boosters, he mentions in the book high doses of tribulus terrestris supplement can lead to a feeling of restlessness, insomnia, and rapid heart beat. Another tribulus side effect he mentions in increased body temperature. [5] Tribulus terrestris and androgen - testosterone effect The aphrodisiac herb Tribulus terrestris does not influence the androgen production in young men. [5] To determine the effects of saponins from Tribulus terrestris on small intestinal a-glucosidase and postprandial blood glucose levels in rats. [5] After treated with saponins from Tribulus terrestris (100 mg x kg(-1)) for 14 d, the activities of a-glucosidase were determined daily, as well as the postprandial blood glucose levels after oraly administered sucrose (2 g x kg(-1)). It was through inhibiting the activity of a-glucosidase in small intestines that saponins from Tribulus terrestris significantly retarded the increase in postprandial blood glucose levels in rats. [5] Tribulus terrestris and diabetes Tribulus terrestris extract consisting of saponins appear to decrease blood sugar increase after a meal. [5]

Q. Does tribulus extract really work as a sexual enhancing herb? A. Yes, tribulus terrestris extract does help with healthy erectile function, but it takes several days for the full benefits. [5] You will find a number of effective sexual pleasure enhancing herbs Passion Rx is a potent herbal aphrodisiac with tribulus terrestris extract in a combination with a number of additional effective aphrodisiac herbs. [5] Passion Rx is more effective is it has a number of herbs that provide a more comprehensive approach to sexual improvement. Additional Tribulus Terrestris Benefit - Much more research is needed to confirm these early findings Tribulus has been studied in China and early reports indicate it reduces the frequency of angina pectoris. [5] Additional benefits of tribulus terrestris extract include hepatic protection from certain toxins and blood sugar control. These early reports have to be confirmed by larger trials before we can be certain that this herb is useful for these purposes. [5] Tribulus contains furostanol saponins, the active component. This herb is popular for its potent role in supporting reproductive function. Tribulus terrestris can be used by both men and women. [5] METHOD: The inhibitory effects of saponins from Tribulus terrestris on a-glucosidase extracted from small intestines in rats were carried out in vitro. [5] Inhibitory effects of saponins from Tribulus terrestris on alpha-glucosidase in small intestines of rats Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2006 Jun;31(11):910-3. [5]

Tribulus dosage To minimize any tribulus side effects, start with tribulus extract 400 mg, 40 percent saponins at one capsule every other day, and over the next few days take more or less depending on how you respond. Tribulus terrestris and cancer It appears from lab studies that tribulus terrestris may cause death to cancer cells. The clinical significance of this finding is not clear at this time. [5] More emails Q. Is Bulgarian tribulus extract a more effective aphrodisiac herb than tribulus herb grown in other countries? A. Tribulus terrestris is a plant that grows on several continents. [5] The result suggested that the oral administration of MF of Tribulus terrestris fruit extract has provided protection against the mercuric chloride induced hepatic damage in the mice, M. musculus. Tribulus terrestirs and sexual health Sexual behavior and intracavernous pressure (ICP) were studied in both normal and castrated rats to further understand the role of tribulus containing protodioscin (PTN) as an aphrodisiac. [5] Tribulus Terrestris Benefit as sexual enhancer One rodent study found tribulus to be helpful as a sex booster. Sexual behavior and intracavernous pressure (ICP) were studied in both normal and castrated rats to further understand the role of tribulus as an aphrodisiac. [5]

Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2007 Jan;232(1):126-33. Medical University, Sofia 1431, Bulgaria The objective of the study was to explore the influence of saponins derived from Tribulus terrestris on normal human skin fibroblasts and to compare it with their anticancer properties. [5] Saponins from Tribulus terrestris L are less toxic for normal human fibroblasts than for many cancer lines: influence on apoptosis and proliferation. [5]

Tribulus Terrestris extract for sexual enhancement - Tribulus Benefit and testosterone effect, buy tribulus supplement Tribulus Terrestris Extract review - Does Tribulus Terrestris supplement influence testosterone levels? This page has information of the benefits of tribulus terrestris along with a discussion of tribulus side effects. [5] The aim of the current study is to investigate the influence of Tribulus terrestris extract on androgen metabolism in young males. [5] My question is, does taking tribulus terrestris extract or even Passion Rx for extended periods of time (4 weeks, or longer) have any long term effects? I have noticed when taking a week break that I begin to have a hard time keeping an erection, and it never truly reaches the potential as with the tribulus pills, and when it does become hard, endurance is out of the question, as I am finished within seconds. [5] The experimental groups were named TT1 and TT2 and the subjects were assigned to consume 20 and 10 mg/kg body weight per day of Tribulus terrestris extract, respectively, separated into three daily intakes for 4 weeks. [5] A tribulus terrestris extract (450 mg each day)) or placebo capsule was consumed once daily for 5 weeks. [5]

Tribulus terrestris is popularly claimed to improve sexual function in humans. In Europe tribulus terrestris herb has been used in folk medicine throughout history, as far back as the Greeks, treating such wide-ranging conditions as headache, nervous disorders, constipation, and sexual dysfunction. [5] Tribulus terrestris herb, also called "puncture vine" is a plant long used around the world for the treatment of various ailments. [5] Arjuna Arjuna benefit Ashwagandha Ashwagandha herb can be used together with tribulus terrestris herb. [5]

Much tribulus research and studies have been conducted, and there are some contradicting results regarding the positive benefits of supplementing Tribulus Terrestris. [4]

Chronic treatment of Tribulus terrestris in rats increases the NADPH-d positive neurons and AR immunoreactivity in the PVN region. Androgens are known to increase both AR and NADPH-d positive neurons either directly or by its conversion to estrogen. The mechanism for the observed increase in AR and NADPH-d positive neurons in the present study is probably due to the androgen enhancing property of Tribulus terrestris. [10] In some study in laboratory, cells found in saponins from tribulus terrestris inhibited the growth of a particular type of liver cancer cell line. [10] In China and India, the herb Tribulus terrestris has been touted as liver, kidney, urinary, and cardiovascular remedies. [10] Group I was treated with distilled water and Group II was treated with tribulus terrestris at the dose of 5mg/kg body weight orally, once daily for 8 weeks. [10] The brain tissue was removed and sections of the paraventricular (PVN) area of hypothalamus were taken for NADPH-d and AR immunostaining. There was an increase in both NADPH-d (67%) and AR immunoreactivity (58%) in Tribulus terrestris treated group and these results were statistically significant compared to the control. [10] Tribulus terrestris can also lower cholesterols levels in bloodstream, and, in addition, Tribulus also have potential antioxidant properties. [10] Tribulus terrestris - heart and immune support Tribulus terrestris has been studied in China and found to decrease the frequency of angina pectoris. [10]

Availability of Tribulus Terrestris supplement Tribulus terrestris supplement is most often found in combination with other sex-enhancing herbs. [5] Tribulus Terrestris questions Q. If tribulus terrestris is stopped after using for one month, is there any type of side effect? A. We are not aware of any side effects or problems if tribulus terrestris supplement is stopped after one month of use. [5] In most people, Q. How long after I start taking tribulus terrestris should I expect results? A. Everyone is different, but on average most people would notice the benefits from tribulus on the third or fourth day of use. It also depends on dosage. [5] Q. Is Bulgarian tribulus superior to tribulus from other countries? A. There is no human research comparison studies to indicate whether Bulgarian tribulus terrestris is any better in terms of sexual enhancement than tribulus terrestris that grows in other countries. [5] According to our results, Tribulus terrestris is less toxic for normal human skin fibroblasts in comparison to many cancer lines investigated in previous studies. The molecular mechanism of this cytotoxicity involves up- and downregulation of polyamines' homeostasis, suppression of proliferation, and induction of apoptosis. Further research in this field using animal models would help to explore and interpret the potential properties of Tribulus terrestris as an anticancer supplement. [5] Bulgarian tribulus 300 mg (50% protodioscin) or DHEA 25 MG. I understand that tribulus terrestris and DHEA supplements are a favorite among consumers for boosting testosterone levels. [5] Tribulus Terrestris and athletic performance Tribulus terrestris, by itself, does not appear to improve athletic performance, not does tribulus seem to influence testosterone levels in humans to any great extent. [5] Tribulus terrestris has been promoted and marketed for athletic performance, muscle mass enhancement, and as a testosterone booster. [5] No between-group differences were noted in the urinary testosterone / epitestosterone ratio. It was concluded that tribulus terrestris did not produce the large gains in strength or lean muscle mass that many manufacturers claim can be experienced within 5 to 28 days. [5] Although some manufacturers claim tribulus terrestris will not lead to a positive drug test, others have suggested that tribulus terrestris may increase the urinary testosterone / epitestosterone ratio, which may place athletes at risk of a positive drug test. [5] Muscle endurance (determined by the maximal number of repetitions at 100-200% of body weight) increased for the bench and leg press exercises in the placebo group (p <.05; bench press +/-28.4%, leg press +/-28.6%), while the tribulus terrestris group experienced an increase in leg press strength only (bench press +/-3.1%, not significant; leg press +/-28.6%, p <.05). [5] The findings in the current study anticipate that Tribulus terrestris steroid saponins possess neither direct nor indirect androgen -increasing properties. [5] Tribulus terrestris liver protection Recovery of phosphatase and transaminase activity of mercury intoxicated Mus musculus (Linn.) liver tissue by Tribulus terrestris (Linn.) (Zygophyllaceae) extract. [5] The efficacy of the methanolic fraction (MF) of Tribulus terrestris fruit extract on mercury intoxicated mice, Mus musculus has been studied. [5] Buy Tribulus Terrestris, formulated by world renowned Dr. Ray Sahelian, M.D., author of Natural Sex Boosters Passion Rx, one of the bestselling natural sexual products on the market, is formulated by Dr. Sahelian Tribulus terrestris is a tropical vine common in sandy soil throughout India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. [5] There is also a mention of a tribulus terrestris supplement and Passion Rx, a popular herbal sexual enhancer with tribulus extract. [5]

There is good confidence that tribulus terrestris is useful as a sexual enhancement herb. [5] There was no significant difference between Tribulus terrestris supplemented groups and controls in the serum testosterone, androstenedione; controls or luteinizing hormone. [5] Tribulus terrestris did not alter the urinary testosterone / epitestosterone ratio and would not place an athlete at risk of testing positive based on the World Anti-Doping Agency's urinary testosterone / epitestosterone ratio limit of 4:1. [5] Phytochemistry. 2007 Aug 22; Dinchev D, Janda B, Evstatieva L, Oleszek W, Aslani MR, Kostova I. Institute of Organic Chemistry with Centre of Phytochemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria. The steroidal saponins of Tribulus terrestris L. (Zygophyllaceae) are considered to be the factor responsible for biological activity of products derived from this plant. [5] Tribulus terrestris saponin composition from different tribulus plant species Distribution of steroidal saponins in Tribulus terrestris from different geographical regions. [5] Saponins in tribulus terrestris A novel furostanol saponin from Tribulus terrestris of Bulgarian origin. [5] What's in Tribulus Terrestris? The fruits of tribulus contain a number of different substances including saponins, glycosides, flavonoids, alkaloids, resins, tannins, sugars, sterols, and essential oil. [5] Tribulus Terrestris Mechanism of Action T ribulus may work by relaxing smooth muscles and increasing blood flow into the corpus cavernosa. [5] Q. How many different types of tribulus extracts are available? A. There are many extract potencies of tribulus terrestris, the most common being tribulus terrestris powder, tribulus 20% extract, and tribulus 40% extract. There are other tribulus extracts but they are not as common. [5] Supplementation with tribulus does not enhance body composition or exercise performance in resistance-trained males. tribulus research, tribulus terrestris. [5] Tribulus Terrestris side effects No tribulus terrestris side effects have yet been reported in the medical literature. [5] Our experience and feedback from users of tribulus supplement are consistent. Tribulus terrestris supplement does enhance sexuality in the majority of those who take it. [5] Samples of Tribulus. terrestris collected in Bulgaria, Greece, Serbia, Macedonia, Turkey, Georgia, Iran, Vietnam and India were analyzed for the presence and the concentration of protodioscin (1), prototribestin (2), pseudoprotodioscin (3), dioscin (4), tribestin (5) and tribulosin (6). [5] Tribestan is a completely natural non-hormonal herbal (phytochemical) biostimulator derived from the plant Tribulus terrestris L., Bulgaricum, which contains predominantly saponins of furostanol type, with prevailing quantity of protodioscin (not less than 45% in Tribestan). It is a natural herbal alternative to synthetic anabolic hormones without any clinically proven toxic effects. [12] The active substance in Tribestan is a proprietary extract of Tribulus Terrestris and does NOT contain herbal particles that may pose health danger. [12]

People from around the world have used the Tribulus Terrestris plant to promote overall health, support healthy libido function already in normal range and increase muscle tone. [7] Clinical research has shown that Tribulus Terrestris may support healthy libido function in humans, and that it may also support healthy blood pressure and healthy cholesterol profiles already in normal range. [7] All persons in good health may benefit from using Tribulus Terrestris as a dietary supplement. [7] Tribulus Terrestris is a vine plant that grows in moderate and tropical climates in the United States, Mexico, Eastern Europe, India and China. [7] Human research has established that Tribulus Terrestris is safe and free of side-effects. [7] Q. Does tribulus use increase testosterone? A. Human studies regarding testosterone increase with the use of tribulus terrestris have not been consistent. Even if a tribulus terrestris supplement does increase testosterone production or influence the release of testosterone, we don't know if this effect persists over time. [8] Will tribulus terrestris supplement raise my blood pressure or influence hypertension? A. Not enough human research is available to determine the effect of tribulus terrestris supplement on blood pressure. [8]

Tribulus Terrestris extract, 400 mg 40% saponins ( double the potency of 20% saponins) 60 Capsules Formulated by Ray Sahelian, M.D. Apparently Ireland does not allow tribulus terrestris products to be shipped there, so if you are ordering from the country of Ireland, we cannot ship this product to you. Please choose from a number of other sexual enhancing herbs that are available such as catuaba, muira puama, tongkat ali, horny goat weed, maca, LJ100, and mucuna pruriens. [8] Tribulus terrestris is a tropical vine common in sandy soil throughout Europe, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. This tribulus terrestris product contains over 40% furostanol saponins, some of the active components. Tribulus terrestris extract supplement can be used by both men and women. [8] Tribulus terrestris extract is found In Passion Rx, a highly popular and effective herbal sexual product formulated by Ray Sahelian, M.D. best selling author of Natural Sex Boosters. This tribulus terrestris extract product is made from the highest quality raw material available. [8] Q. Is it okay to take tribulus terrestris with tongkal ali, or Mind Power Rx? A. We prefer that you take tribulus terrestris by itself and not use mix it the same day with other products or herbs until you are completely aware of how different doses of tribulus influence you. [8] Q. Is tribulus terrestre a legal supplement to use by professional athletes? Will a drug test find that tribulus terrestris is being used? A. As far as we know, tribulus terrestris supplement is legal to use in all professional sports. [8] If you do plan to use tribulus terrestris supplement, we suggest no more than 200 mg. [8]


Tribulus terrestris L. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below. This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. [13] Tribulus terrestris L. This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. [13]


IN-DEPTH

Section Contents:

* Q. I am using Passion Rx with good success and was thinking of adding tribulus terrestris a capsule.(More…)

* Wu G Jiang S Jiang F Zhu D Wu H Jiang S Steroidal glycosides from Tribulus terrestris.(More…)

* Search NCBI's Entrez search engine for PubMed citations referencing Tribulus terrestris.(More…)

Q. I am using Passion Rx with good success and was thinking of adding tribulus terrestris a capsule. Is this okay to do? A. We suggest not using Passion Rx and tribulus terrestris extract the same day since overstimulation and rapid heart beat can occur. [8] Tribulus Terrestris questions Q. I am very interested in tribulus terrestris. [8]

We have not seen any studies that tribulus terrestris supplements enhance athletic performance. [8] Tribulus Terrestris Side Effects: High doses of Tribulus terrestris may lead to overstimulation and insomnia. [8] Plus : Find out about recent tribulus terrestris research and new specials and discounts! Place your email address on the left. [8] Could you please tell me any drug interaction with Synthroid (for hypothyroid) and tribulus terrestris. [8]

Puncturevine ( Tribulus terrestris )is a thoroughly naturalized invader from Europe. It spreads by seed and is most often found on sandy, dry, or gravely sites. [14] Tribulus Terrestris is mainly used to increase the sex drive, increase muscle mass. [3] Tribulus Terrestris, also known as Puncture Vine, Tribulus Terrestris contains steroidal saponins, and act as a natural testosterone enhancer. [3] Each tablet contains 625 mg of Tribulus Terrestris Extract (standardized to 40% furastanol saponins) Tribulus Terrestris, powdered (aerial). Other ingredients: Gelatin, Silica, Magnesium Stearate. [15]

In males, tribulus terrestris increases libido, improves strength or erection and spermatogenesis, and may increase testosterone. [15]

Puncturevine ( Tribulus terrestris ) — close-up view of stem, leaves, and a flower. [16] Close-up view of a flower and ripening seeds of puncturevine ( Tribulus terrestris ). [16]

From whey protein and HMB to Glutamine and Tribulus Terrestris - Optimum Nutrition produces the highest quality products on the market. [15] Trilovin is a safe non-toxic supplement prepared from the herb Tribulus Terrestris grown in Bulgaria. It has been used for centuries in Greece, India and the Balkans, as a medicinal herb for treating a variety of health problems, including loss of libido, impotence infertility, loss of muscle strength, heart and immune systems problems. [17] Tribulus terrestris, a dicot, is an annual herb that is not native to California; it was introduced from elsewhere and naturalized in the wild. [18] Tribulus terrestris is also classified by the California Department of Food and Agriculture as a Noxious Weed List C Noxious Weed List C : Control required in nurseries, not required elsewhere. [18]

Abstract The effects of methanolic and aqueous extracts of Tribulus terrestris on rat blood pressure (BP) and the perfused mesenteric vascular bed were investigated. [19] To verify the inhibitive effect, aqueous extracts of Tribulus terrestris and Bergenia ligulata were added along with the supernatant solutions. [19] A combination of KCl and l -NAME abolished the vasodilator responses induced by the extracts. It was concluded that methanolic and aqueous extracts of Tribulus terrestris possess significant antihypertensive activity in spontaneously hypertensive rats. [19] Tribulus terrestris and Bergenia ligulata are commonly used as herbal medicines for urinary calculi in India. [19] The action of putative litholytic medicinal plants, Tribulus terrestris Linn. ( T.t ) and Bergenia ligulata Linn. ( B.l. ), has been studied in the growth of COM crystals. [19] Maximum inhibition was observed in Bergenia ligulata followed by Tribulus terrestris. [19] Abbasoglu U, Tosun F. Antimicrobial activity of Tribulus terrestris L. growing in Turkey. [20] Kianbakht S, Jahaniani F. Evaluation of antibacterial activity of Tribulus terrestris L. growing in Iran. [20]

Xu YX, Chen HS, Liang HQ, Gu ZB, Lui WY, Leung WN, Li TJ. Three new saponins from Tribulus terrestris. [20] Kostova I, Dinchev D. Saponins in Tribulus terrestris —chemistry and bioactivity. [20] Tribulus terrestris (Puncture Vine, Caltrop, Yellow Vine and Goathead) is a flowering plant of the Zygophyllaceae family, native to warm temperature and tropical regions of the old world in Southern Europe, Southern Asia, Africa and Northern Australia. It can thrive even in desert climates and poor soil (Abeywickrama and Bean, 1991 1991 ). [20] Tribulus terrestris has been used in traditional medicine for relieving rheumatic pain and as an analgesic plant for a long time. In this investigation the analgesic effect of methanolic extract of this plant on male albino mice was evaluated by formalin and tail flick test. [21] The effects of Tribulus terrestris on body composition and exercise performance in resistance-trained males. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of the herbal preparation Tribulus terrestris (tribulus) on body composition and exercise performance in resistance-trained males. [22]

Ingredient Details: Proprietary Tribulus Blend 625 mg: Tribulus Terrestris Extract (Tribula terrestris) (fruit) (standardized to 40% furastanol saponins) Tribulus Terrestris, powdered (aerial). Other Ingredients: Gelatin, Silica, Magnesium Stearate. [23] Optimum Nutrition's Tribulus 625 Caps are made with the finest Tribulus Terrestris available. [23] WASHINGTON, June 18. —Motorists, beware the Tribulus Terrestris. Government weed sharps issued such warning today against the "puncture vine" of the West and Southwest, an undesirable immigrant from Southern Europe which probably stowed away in the fleece of sheep to reach this country. Note: This article will open in PDF format. [24] Sangeeta D Sidhu H Thind SK Nath R Effect of Tribulus terrestris on oxalate metabolism in rats. In: J Ethnopharmacol (1994 Oct) 44(2):61-6 ISSN: 0378-8741 This study concerns the effect of an aqueous extract of Tribulus terrestris on the metabolism of oxalate in male rats fed sodium glycolate. [25] The total effective rate of ECG improvement (52.7%) was even higher than that of the control group (35.8%). It is shown that saponin of Tribulus terrestris has the action of dilating coronary artery and improving coronary circulation, and thus has better effects on improving ECG of myocardial ischemia. [25] Wang B Ma L Liu T In: Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih (1990 Feb) 10(2):85-7, 68 ISSN: 0254-9034 (Published in Chinese) Coronary heart disease (CHD) was treated with saponin of Tribulus terrestris. [25] Abeywickrama K Bean GA Cytotoxicity of Fusarium species mycotoxins and culture filtrates of Fusarium species isolated from the medicinal plant Tribulus terrestris to mammalian cells. [25] We isolated three Fusarium species, F. culmorum, F. acuminatum and F. graminearum from the medicinal plant Tribulus terrestris. [25] Anand R Patnaik GK Kulshreshtha DK Dhawan BN Activity of certain fractions of Tribulus terrestris fruits against experimentally induced urolithiasis in rats. [25]

The fruit of puncture vine or caltrop, Tribulus terrestris (Family Zygophyllaceae), is this structure with ten sharp points, capable, when mature and very hard, of puncturing a tire or a foot. [26] Successive extracts of Tribulus terrestris prepared using petroleum ether, chloroform, 50% methanol and water were tested for anthelmintic activity in-vitro using the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. [27] Abstract The steroidal saponins of Tribulus terrestris L. (Zygophyllaceae) are considered to be the factor responsible for biological activity of products derived from this plant. [27]


Wu G Jiang S Jiang F Zhu D Wu H Jiang S Steroidal glycosides from Tribulus terrestris. [25] Arcasoy HB, Erenmemisoglu A, Tekol Y, et al. Effect of Tribulus terrestris L. saponin mixture on some smooth muscle preparations: a preliminary study. [28] Rogerson S, Riches CJ, Jennings C, et al. The effect of five weeks of tribulus terrestris supplementation on muscle strength and body composition during preseason training in elite rugby league players. [28] Antonio J, Uelmen J, Rodriguez R, et al. The effects of Tribulus terrestris on body composition and exercise performance in resistance-trained males. [28] Adaikan PG, Gauthaman K, Prasad RN, Ng SC. Proerectile pharmacological effects of Tribulus terrestris extract on the rabbit corpus cavernosum. [28] Sangeeta D, Sidhu H, Thind SK, et al. Effect of Tribulus terrestris on oxalate metabolism in rats. [28] Neychev VK, Mitev VI. The aphrodisiac herb Tribulus terrestris does not influence the androgen production in young men. [28] Tribulus terrestris (commonly known as puncture vine—the bane of bicycles in areas where it grows) has a long history of traditional medical use in China, India, and Greece. It was recommended as a treatment for female infertility, impotence, and low libido in both men and women, and to aid rejuvenation after long illness. The herb became widely known in the West when medal-winning Bulgarian Olympic athletes claimed that use of tribulus had contributed to their success. [28] Li M, Qu W, Chu S, et al. Effect of the decoction of Tribulus terrestris on mice gluconegensis. [28] Bourke CA, Stevens GR, Carrigan MJ. Locomotor effects in sheep of alkaloids identified in Australian Tribulus terrestris. [28] Wang B, Ma L, Liu T. 406 cases of angina pectoris in coronary heart disease treated with saponin of Tribulus terrestris. [28] Anand R, Patnaik GK, Kulshreshtha DK, et al. Activity of certain fractions of Tribulus terrestris fruits against experimentally induced urolithiasis in rats. [28] Tribulus terrestris is usually taken at a dose ranging from about 85 to 250 mg 3 times daily with meals. [28] Bourke CA. A novel nigrostriatal dopaminergic disorder in sheep affected by Tribulus terrestris staggers. [28] Bourke CA. Staggers in sheep associated with the ingestion of Tribulus terrestris. [28]

Puncture Vine Tribulus terrestris, Caltrop Family ( Zygophyllaceae ), Puncture Vine. [29] Improves spermatozoa mobility The increasingly popular use of the herbal extract of Tribulus terrestris L, reflective of the increased use of traditional medications in the recent years, has resulted in scientific research efforts to identify the active components. The identification of protodioscin, a furostanol saponin as the active ingredient followed the findings of its beneficial effects on the improvement of spermatogenesis, and on the increase in sperm mobility and viability. [2] The weight ratio of extracts of Tribulus terrestris, Epimedium koreanum and Cinnamon cassia is preferably 2.5:1.5:0.2. Arginine, its salt, ester or precursor, when used, is present in a quantitative ratio of between 0.5 and 1.5, preferably 1, to the plant extracts. Extracts of the medicinal plants specified above, obtained by conventional techniques such as extraction with solvents or supercritical fluids, can be used for the purposes of this invention. [30]

Protodioscin which classified as a furostanol saponin, is the active ingredient of the plant extract of Tribulus terrestris L. [2] We have conducted a clinical trial to test the efficacy of protodioscin, a natural compound derived from the extract of a medicinal plant Tribulus terrestris. [2] Tribulus terrestris (also known as puncture vine), a member of the Zygophyllaceae family, is an annual herb found in many tropical and moderate areas of the world, including the U.S. and Mexico, the Mediterranean region, and throughout Asia. [2]

The invention also relates to the use of extracts of Tribulus terrestris, Epimedium koreanum and Cinnamon cassia in the weight ratio of 1.5-3.5:1-2:0.1-0.4 respectively, and optionally arginine or a physiologically equivalent esters, salts or precursors thereof, to prepare medicaments for the treatment of male and female sexual dysfunctions, and especially for the treatment of impotence, erectile dysfunctions, libido disorders, frigidity and anorgasmia. [30] A pharmaceutical composition comprising: an extract of Tribulus terrestris, an extract of Epimedium koreanum, and an extract of Cinnamon cassia, and wherein the extract of Tribulus terrestris, extract of Epimedium koreanum, and extract of Cinnamon cassia are in a weight ratio of 1.5-3.5:1-2:0.1-0.4, respectively; and a suitable carrier or excipient. 2. [30] Pharmaceutical compositions containing: extracts of Tribulus terrestris, Epimedium koreanum, Cinnamon cassia in the weight ratio of 1.5-3.5:1-2:0.1-0.4 respectively; and optionally arginine or a physiologically equivalent ester, salt or precursor thereof. [30]

The whole plant is used to prepare Epimedium koreanum extracts in particular; Tribulus terrestris extracts are preferably obtained from the aerial parts and seeds of the plant. [30]


Search NCBI's Entrez search engine for PubMed citations referencing Tribulus terrestris. [31] Search AGRICOLA article citation database for citations referencing Tribulus terrestris. [31]


SELECTED SOURCES

1. Tribulus Terrestris by Ray Sahelian, M.D., Tribulus Research, testosterone effect, tribulus side effects
http://www.raysahelian.com/tribulus.html

2. Protodioscin From Phytointl Hi-Tech
http://www.nutraingredients-usa.com/news-by-product/productpresentation.asp?id=446&k=Protodioscin-Tribulus

3. Buy Tribulus Terrestris at iHealthTree.com
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4. Tribulus Terrestris Facts | Tribulus Extract Information & Research
http://www.bodybuildingforyou.com/pro-hormones/tribulus-terrestris-facts.htm

5. Tribulus Terrestris extract for sexual enhancement - Tribulus Benefit and testosterone effect, buy tribulus supplement
http://www.tribulusterrestrisextract.com/

6. Tribulus terrestris - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tribulus_terrestris

7. Bodybuilding.com - Tribulus Information and Product Listing! Tribulus FAQ!
http://www.bodybuilding.com/store/trib.html

8. Tribulus-Terrestris
http://www.physicianformulas.com/store/Scripts/prodView.asp?idproduct=99

9. Tribulus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tribulus

10. Tribulus Terrestris for Low Libido, Weak Erection or Low Sex Drive
http://www.ayurvediccure.com/tribulus-terrestris.htm

11. Tribulus Side Effects and Tribulus Terrestris Stacks
http://www.bodybuildingforyou.com/pro-hormones/tribulus-stack-effects.htm

12. Tribestan (Tribulus terrestris)
http://www.tribestan.com/

13. PLANTS Profile for Tribulus terrestris (puncturevine) | USDA PLANTS
http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=TRTE

14. Idaho's Noxious Weeds - Puncturevine
http://www.oneplan.org/Crop/noxWeeds/nxWeed22.shtml

15. Optimum Nutrition - chromium picolinate, tribulus terrestris, glutamine, HMB, ZMA, multi vitamins, herbs, minerals and much more!
http://www.powersupplements.com/opti.htm

16. puncturevine, Tribulus terrestris (Sapindales: Zygophyllaceae) @ Forestry Images
http://www.forestryimages.org/browse/subimages.cfm?SUB=3937

17. Pharmabul.com - Home
http://www.pharmabul.com/

18. Calflora: Tribulus terrestris
http://www.calflora.org/cgi-bin/species_query.cgi?where-calrecnum=8024

19. ScienceDirect - Journal of Crystal Growth : Herbal extracts of Tribulus terrestris and Bergenia ligulata inhibit growth of calcium oxalate monohydrate crystals in vitro
http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0022024804016707

20. Antibacterial and antifungal activities of different parts of Tribulus terrestris L. growing in Iraq
http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=2225498

21. The Analgesic Effect of Tribulus terrestris Extract and Comparison of Gastric Ulcerogenicity of the Extract with Indomethacine in Animal Experiments — HEIDARI et al. 1095 (1): 418 — Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
http://www.annalsnyas.org/cgi/content/abstract/1095/1/418

22. MFW Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) - VIII. Supplements
http://www.trygve.com/supplement_faq.html

23. Tribulus 625, 100 caps
http://www.global-nutrition-inc.com/op-117.html

24. Beware the Tribulus Terrestris. - Article Preview - The New York Times
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F40C12F93C5D14738DDDA00994DE405B818EF1D3

25. Tribulus-AB.txt
http://www.swsbm.com/Abstracts/Tribulus-AB.txt

26. Fruit of puncture vine, Tribulus terrestris
http://www.botgard.ucla.edu/html/botanytextbooks/generalbotany/plantarmature/b0903tx.html

27. ScienceDirect - Phytomedicine : Tribulosin and β-sitosterol-D-glucoside, the anthelmintic principles of Tribulus terrestris
http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0944711304701877

28. Home | CVS Caremark Health Resources
http://healthresources.caremark.com/GetHerbContent.do?primerid=21872&name=Tribulus%20terrestris

29. Puncture Vine, Tribulus terrestris
http://www.delange.org/BullHead/BullHead.htm

30. Formulations useful in the treatment of male and female impotence - Patent 7361370
http://www.freepatentsonline.com/7361370.html

31. Tribulus terrestris information from NPGS/GRIN
http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?100965

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